Narrative

Telling the stories of D|AAD.

95 Years of Architecture in Tennessee

95 Years of Architecture in Tennessee (and counting) - 1922 - 2017 (present)

 

My grandfather, Allen N. Dryden, Sr.  was born May 26, 1895, in Chicago, Illinois. From an early age he showed a stunning aptitude for both art and music and when the time came, there was no doubt where he would direct his scholastic energies. He attended The Art Institute of Chicago in pursuit of a degree in Fine Art. He then went on to study Architecture under Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright.  In 1917, in his final year at The Armour Institute, Dryden won the international Rome Prize (considered the most coveted prize offered a senior architectural student), offering him the opportunity to study abroad. However, World War I was raging and he wasn’t able to travel overseas. That same year, looking for a way out of Chicago for the summer, Dryden connected with a classmate from East Tennessee and decided to visit him.  While there, he fell in love with the landscape and sensed the opportunity to be a part of building the blossoming town of Kingsport, Tennessee.

 

Re-chartered in 1917, Kingsport was an early example of a "garden city." Part of it was designed by city planner and landscape architect John Nolen of Cambridge, Massachusetts. On his first visit to Kingsport, Nolen “found a wasteland, temporary town laid out grid fashion in contrast to some of the most verdant countryside he had ever seen.” He was impressed by the “unspoiled natural beauty” of the area. It was nicknamed the Model City from Nolen’s vision, which organized the town into areas for commerce, churches, housing and industry.  Most of the land on the river was devoted to industry. The Long Island is now occupied by Eastman Chemical Company, originally established by George Eastman as Eastman Kodak. As part of this plan, Kingsport built some of the earliest traffic circles (roundabouts) in the United States.

 

Kingsport began as a railroad nucleus and grew to an industrial town of 35,000.  The Kingsport Improvement Company was the overseer of the master plan.  Major building materials were locally sourced:  Corning Glass Works made the Pyrex glass from native sand from the river valley basin and local forest products were used for a majority of the early buildings built in the region.

 

Needing work after leaving Chicago in 1917, Dryden joined D.R. Beeson Architecture. It was while he was there that he caught the eye of Kingsport’s founder, J. Fred Johnson.  Johnson handpicked Dryden as “Kingsport’s architect” in residence. Dryden went on to set the standard for quality while designing a record number of houses and civic buildings rounding out the core of the city town center.  

In 1922, Johnson promised Dryden the Kingsport architectural business and it was then that he opened the office of Allen Dryden Architects.  For the next 50 years,  Dryden designed and produced hundreds of diverse buildings, including some of the regions most important structures; churches, residences, civic buildings and schools.

 

Some of the most notable buildings included Kingsport’s Civic Auditorium and Armory. With a seating capacity of 2,032, the arched-dome design was reportedly the only one its kind in TN and one of only three in the South at the time.  

Allandale (the “White House of Kingsport”) was built for residents Mr. and Mrs. Brooks around 1949. It is an Antebellum mansion and a classic example of Georgian Architecture.  

 

Signatures of Dryden’s architectural design include a variety of elements such as Tudor half-timbers, Roman loggias and American colonial boxes. He is credited for a dozens of Kingsport’s Tudor houses (and no two of these residences are alike). He believed in individualizing homes with personal touches, like monograms on chimneys and cut-out symbols on shutters. He also varied front entrances and boasted that of all his colonials, no two fronts were the same. Other of signatures included: protruding flues, copings and chimney pots. His houses had a sense of loftiness, as well. Vertical columns, pilasters and brick patterns contribute to his flawless proportion. He was also a master colorist and displayed an extreme sensitivity to it, preferring muted colors, citing that a home should be a refuge. Understanding ladies’ desire to have tea functions, Dryden’s traditional design consisted of a large central hall connecting the formal dining room and living room off which was a solarium and including a spacious kitchen and butler’s pantry.

 

Work of Architect Allen N. Dryden, Sr. in Kingsport, TN

 

A perfectionist, Dryden was known for having his red grease pencil on hand which he used on plans and walls alike. He was not beyond making an X on the wall of a construction site, so that an error must be remedied by tearing down and beginning again. 

 

Upon his passing in 1970, the Board of Directors of Kingsport Federal Savings and Loan Company (on which Dryden served) stated: “Numerous monuments of beautiful, artistic and functional homes, churches, schools and other outstanding buildings are true examples of [Dryden’s] devoted life. He truly was a master architect.”

 

Dryden’s son, Allen N. Dryden, Jr.  starting working for his father in 1950 as a “studio rat”.  He was put to work at an early age and naturally stepped into his father’s path.  Allen graduated from high school in 1955 and attended Georgia Tech Architecture School, graduating in 1960.  After working for a couple of architecture firms in Atlanta, GA, he returned to Kingsport to slowly take over the reins of a growing practice his father had built.  Allen N. Dryden, Jr. was inspired by a more modern hand but with a similar affinity of craft as his father.  As a young architect during the JFK era, he brought to the firm an affinity for modernism. During his time in Atlanta he was influenced by the early work of John Portman, but had the foundation of classical architecture from his father’s early work.

 

The work Allen focused on over the next couple of decades included Mason-Dixon Lines, Inc. and Crown Enterprises. He also continued civic work with the City of Kingsport, as well as with schools, churches, universities and healthcare facilities.  Dryden, Jr. also continued his father’s passion of designing private residences throughout the region, along with progressive residential communities like Crown Colony, a community inspired by Charles Moore’s Sea Ranch in California.

 

I was born along with my twin brother, Allen, on May 26, 1972 (the day my grandfather, Allen N. Dryden Sr. was born).  At an early age, I could be found following my dad to his office after school and on the weekends.  It was not uncommon to find me on a jobsite with my dad, wanting to learn everything I possibly could about building and design.

 

I entered Architecture School at The University of Tennessee (UT) in 1990, and incorporated everything I had learned from growing up in a small town deeply steeped in Urban Planning and fine-grain Architecture and design.  I studied in Eastern Europe for a semester and after graduating, worked as an assistant for UT’s School of Architecture in developing an urban design studio based in Kingsport, created to teach the groundwork that Nolen had started for the Model City, as well as the work that my grandfather and father created through their practice. Needless to say, I was profoundly inspired.

 

Though my work post graduation, I was exposed to Nashville, Tennessee, and could see the city was on the verge of reinvention. In 1996, I moved to Nashville to begin my own career.  I worked for EOA Architects for 5 years and was given many exciting opportunities, including churches, schools, civic projects, urban planning and residences.  It was an invaluable experience. In 2002, I started my own practice, as it was hard to not see myself doing the same work that my father and grandfather had done before me.  Their influence was profound for me and continues to be a source of both practical and intellectual inspiration. 

 

In 2017,  Dryden Architecture and Design (DAAD)  celebrated its 15 year anniversary. DAAD is an award-winning architecture and interior design studio based in Nashville, Tennessee, established in 2001. We are dedicated to making meaningful human places that mindfully engage local resources and operate simultaneously as habitat and create a lasting memory. In many ways, our firm has continued the same work started by my grandfather in 1922.

    

DAAD has completed a diversity of project types, ranging from neighborhood master- plans, mixed-use developments, adaptive reuse projects, private residences, boutique retail, restaurants and corporate offices. We have focused on projects that have significantly impacted neighborhoods and we help to contribute to a healthy flora of the communities we work within, at all levels.

 

Architecture requires an incredible sense of dedication and creativity. My father just celebrated his 80th birthday and continues to do the work he loves.  My son Emmett and my daughter Julia are already showing a familiar interest in ‘making’. 

95 years is a long time, and I hope that I can continue the same bridge that my father built for me to connect to my grandfather’s foundation and extend that to my own children, far into the future.

 

 

Nick Dryden

Nashville,Tennessee

 

Drawing from 1926, for the house shown above, by Allen N. Dryden, Sr.

Drawing from 1926, for the house shown above, by Allen N. Dryden, Sr.

Drawing from 1926, for the house shown above, by Allen N. Dryden, Sr.

Drawing from 1926, for the house shown above, by Allen N. Dryden, Sr.

Drawing from 1926, for the house shown above, by Allen N. Dryden, Sr.

Drawing from 1926, for the house shown above, by Allen N. Dryden, Sr.

STREET FIGHT

DAAD team members attended Street Fight, an event hosted by Nashville Civic Design Center on April 6, 2017 at the Music City Center. Janette Sadie-Kahn, a former transit commissioner of New York City, was the speaker that inspired designers, developers, and other movers and shakers who attended to think about what a pedestrian oriented  city could mean for Nashvillains.

 

Street Fight book Nashville

 

Nashville is growing, with people moving to the city every day. We can only expand the infrastructure so much, which means we must learn how to use our roads for greener and more collective modes of transportation. One of the ways Nashville is taking steps towards the future is by proposing 82 bike lanes across the city. 

 

Improving the pedestrian landscape of the city improves the quality of life for all citizens in addition to the environmental benefits. Pedestrian-focused design can improve the economy, safety, and spirit of the community.  A more walkable city will be better for business, as New York City saw 50% increase in sales along bus and bike lane corridors after implementing transit improvements.  With Vision Zero (a plan to eliminate roadway fatalities and injuries) being accepted in Nashville, we will be safer.  Also, city improvement isn't just about improving transportation but providing public art, where artists make murals, sculptures, or interactive works. This improves our interaction with our city and each other, allowing any facade or space to be a destination.

 

As Sadik-Kahn said at the presentation, "It isn't a question of engineering but imagination." We have all the tools we need to get this into action. Be bold, Nashville, and let's get creative!

 

 

Resources:

http://www.walkbikenashville.org/dangerousbydesign2016

http://visionzeronetwork.org/resources/vision-zero-cities/

IMG_8682.jpg

Thanks to Amy Hardin at D|AAD for contributing this post.

RECORDING STUDIO WITH A PHARMACY NAME - LAYMAN DRUG COMPANY

Located at 1128 3rd Avenue South, Layman Drug Company has been a fixture in the Chestnut Hill neighborhood for almost 130 years. The original structure was built in the late 1890s and at times served as a pharmacy and as a private residence. As a part of the fabric of Music City, the structure has had its brushes with the music industry. Former employees tell tales of Johnny Cash visiting the pharmacy. The building was also featured on the cover of Dion’s Velvet and Steel album. The building’s ties to the music industry will become even stronger as its owner, Will Greig, oversees its transition to a high end recording studio.

 

Balancing the building’s historic character with modern functionality has been a priority for the design. While much of the building’s exterior has remained the same, the façade was rebuilt to match its former glory and to allow the structure to remain recognizable to a neighborhood that lives in a city of continual change. To accommodate its new function as a recording studio, the interior of the building has undergone significant modernization. Design elements such as 3D ceramic tiles, acoustical panels, acoustically rated assemblies, and color temperature adjustable lighting have all been incorporated.

 

The building will be open for business by early-Summer 2017. In the meantime, feel free to swing by Chestnut Street to check out the new Coca-Cola mural until construction is complete.

A 1980's photo of Layman Drug Company.

A 1980's photo of Layman Drug Company.

The cover of Dion's Velvet and Steel album.

The cover of Dion's Velvet and Steel album.

Rebuilding the exterior wall of the building.

Rebuilding the exterior wall of the building.

Recording room framing.

Recording room framing.

Mural in progress. 

Mural in progress. 


Owner:  

Will Greig

 

Contractor:  

Phipps Construction

 

Collaborators, Engineers, Etc:  

Olert Engineering

iDesign Services, Inc.

PWP Structural Engineers

Oil + Lumber

Murals and More LLC

Vintage Millworks

Studio Construction Service


Thanks to Amy Hardin at D|AAD for contributing this post.

DON'T FORGET TO LOOK UP

As a designer, I’m eternally and eagerly awaiting an opportunity to visit a different city, or hopefully country, and be inspired by new architecture, design and nature.  Someone once told me early on in my career that a good designer can compliment other designers' work.  Well, that must make me a great designer, because I am perpetually in awe of the creativity and design talents of others.  

 

I recently made a trip to Austin, Texas, a city that is often put into the same hip and growing “it city” conversation as Nashville, and was fortunate enough to explore some of the city's most thoughtfully unique hotels.  I love all aspects of design, but hospitality interior design is my passion.  Boutique hotels, in my humble option, are a collision of the most creative and exciting design woven together under a single roof - a wonderful mix of residential design in the guest rooms and suites, restaurant and retail design in the public areas, and if you’re lucky, spa design.  Most clients hire you to be your most creative self on these projects, and I’m fortunate enough to work for an architect whose passion for collaboration with other creatives pours into every project.  This unassuming approach gives way to some of the most pure and finely detailed spaces, creating interest without chaos, a level of casualness with a distinct sophistication, and a relatable interior that is as timeless as it is approachable.

 

My explorations in Austin did not disappoint; the South Congress neighborhood is active and quirky with amazing food, eclectic retail and great people watching.  It is also home to some fabulously designed hotels, providing me with opportunities to snoop and make limitless discoveries.  As a designer, my advice to you is: don’t forget to look up - you just might miss a design moment!

 

Hanging plants abound and create a more intimate and comfortable outdoor dining experience at the Austin Motel. Design: Bunkhouse

Hanging plants abound and create a more intimate and comfortable outdoor dining experience at the Austin Motel.

Design: Bunkhouse

The entry to Hotel San Jose is inconspicuous while passing on the bustling sidewalk of South Congress Avenue. Design: Bunkhouse

The entry to Hotel San Jose is inconspicuous while passing on the bustling sidewalk of South Congress Avenue.

Design: Bunkhouse

A lovely patio inviting you to explore your room at the Hotel San Jose. Design: Bunkhouse

A lovely patio inviting you to explore your room at the Hotel San Jose.

Design: Bunkhouse

Architecture and nature combine to welcome guests upon arrival at Hotel Saint Cecilia. Design: Bunkhouse

Architecture and nature combine to welcome guests upon arrival at Hotel Saint Cecilia.

Design: Bunkhouse

An intimate setting for breakfast or a cocktail at the Hotel Saint Cecilia. Design: Bunkhouse

An intimate setting for breakfast or a cocktail at the Hotel Saint Cecilia.

Design: Bunkhouse

Lobby restrooms contrast cool wall tiles with warm metals and wood at South Congress Hotel. Design: Dick Clark + Associates, Michael Hsu Office of Architecture, Studio MAI

Lobby restrooms contrast cool wall tiles with warm metals and wood at South Congress Hotel.

Design: Dick Clark + Associates, Michael Hsu Office of Architecture, Studio MAI

Lighting detail at the entry courtyard ceiling; don’t forget to look up - you might miss an unexpected design moment.  Design: Dick Clark + Associates, Michael Hsu Office of Architecture, Studio MAI

Lighting detail at the entry courtyard ceiling; don’t forget to look up - you might miss an unexpected design moment. 

Design: Dick Clark + Associates, Michael Hsu Office of Architecture, Studio MAI


Thanks to Erin Bethea at D|AAD for contributing this post.